As for the flash, I just popped it up and let it do its automatic thing. I did have to try a few shots until I found the best aperture. My first shots overexposed substantially. This shot was shut down to f8+ (I think). But the auto ISO went to 160. I could have gone into the menu to set it for fill flash, but I do not like menus, so I just played with the aperture until it worked.